Highlights of national solid waste and chemical en

2022-09-22
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The key points of national environmental management of solid wastes and chemicals in 2019 were determined

the key points of national environmental management of solid wastes and chemicals in 2019 were determined

March 1, 2019

the key points of national environmental management of solid wastes and chemicals in 2019 were determined a few days ago. In order to effectively reduce the experimental cost of rapid impact, the relevant documents just issued by the general office of the Ministry of ecological environment put forward that 2019 will focus on "one system construction" (the revision of the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste), "two major reforms" (the reform of the solid waste import management system, "waste free city" construction pilot) The "two special actions" (solid waste investigation and remediation, waste lead battery pollution prevention and control) and the key work in four areas to promote the improvement of environmental supervision capacity, utilization and disposal capacity and risk prevention capacity

strengthening the construction of solid waste management system

revision of solid waste law and related supporting policies and regulations

revision of supporting laws and regulations such as the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, the measures for the administration of hazardous waste business licenses, and the measures for the administration of hazardous waste transfer receipts are important contents of strengthening the construction of solid waste management system. The continuous improvement of laws, regulations, policies and standards can effectively plug the institutional loopholes of illegal acts such as illegal transfer and dumping of hazardous wastes, and strive to improve the risk prevention ability of hazardous wastes. At the same time, this year, we will also promote the preparation and revision of standards and norms such as hazardous waste identification standards, technical specifications for hazardous waste identification, technical specifications for hazardous waste pollution control in key industries, promote the establishment of a system of classification and classification management of hazardous waste, and solve management problems such as difficult identification, imperfect classification and management system, and poor utilization and disposal

continue to promote the two reforms

prohibit the entry of foreign garbage; Promote the construction of waste free cities

the two major reforms in 2019 are to continue to promote the reform of solid waste import management system and steadily carry out the pilot work of "waste free cities". Since the implementation plan for prohibiting the entry of foreign garbage and promoting the reform of the solid waste import management system (hereinafter referred to as the implementation plan) was issued by the general office of the State Council in 2017, the Ministry of ecological environment, together with relevant departments, has conscientiously implemented the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, and all departments have worked together to actively improve the solid waste import management system, strengthen the control of illegal entry of foreign garbage, and build a long-term mechanism for prohibiting the entry of foreign garbage, Vigorously improve the level of solid waste recycling, properly deal with various problems in the reform process, and promote important progress in the reform work. In 2018, the total import volume of solid waste nationwide was 22.63 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 46.5%

on December 29, 2018, the general office of the State Council issued the pilot work plan for the construction of "waste free cities" (GBF [2018] international standard or industry standard No. 128 for measuring the physical properties of various materials). Carrying out the pilot project of "waste free city" construction is a specific action to thoroughly implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, a powerful starting point for deepening the reform of comprehensive solid waste management and promoting the construction of a "waste free society" from the overall level of the city, and an important measure to enhance ecological civilization and build a beautiful China. It is understood that this year, the Ministry of ecology and environment will actively organize the screening of pilot cities for "waste free cities", print and distribute the index system for the construction of "waste free cities", and guide the pilot work for the construction of "waste free cities"

carry out two special actions

continue to implement the clean-up action; The special action of promoting the pollution prevention and control action of waste lead-acid batteries is still an important breakthrough in the prevention and control of solid waste pollution in 2019. Following the "waste removal action 2018", this year will continue to implement the "special action plan on focusing on the Yangtze River economic belt and resolutely curbing the illegal transfer and dumping of solid waste" and the "notice on Resolutely Curbing the illegal transfer and dumping of solid waste and further strengthening the supervision of the whole process of hazardous waste", establish a joint prevention and control mechanism for departments and regions, and continue to promote the investigation and rectification of solid waste in key river basins and regions such as the Yangtze River economic belt, We will strengthen the application of remote sensing survey results of unmanned aerial vehicles in the ecological environment of the mainstream of the Yangtze River, promote local governments to establish and improve the Environmental Protection Award reporting system, severely crack down on serious violations of solid waste and hazardous waste, and resolutely curb the frequent illegal transfer and dumping of solid waste and hazardous waste

another special action is to focus on promoting the prevention and control of waste lead-acid battery pollution. Take the prevention and control of waste lead-acid battery pollution as an important part of the battle to fight pollution prevention, print and implement the action plan for the prevention and control of waste lead-acid battery pollution, implement the producer extension system, and organize the pilot work of centralized collection and trans regional transportation system for lead-acid battery production enterprises

promote the key work in four areas

in addition, promote the key work in four areas

▲ first, it can improve the product performance, practically strengthen the environmental supervision of solid waste

accelerate the construction of local centralized disposal facilities of hazardous waste, and continue to improve the level of centralized disposal of hazardous waste. Comprehensively promote the electronic transfer of hazardous wastes, accelerate the national joint operation of solid waste management information system, and strive to improve the informatization supervision level of solid waste. Accelerate the revision of pollution control standards for hazardous waste storage, incineration and landfill, and carry out in-depth scientific and technological research in key areas such as risk prevention and control of hazardous waste. Strengthen environmental supervision of bulk industrial solid waste, and prevent and control environmental risks during storage and disposal. We will promote the revision of pollution control standards for domestic waste incineration and landfill, and constantly strengthen environmental supervision of domestic waste. Strictly review the disposal of waste electrical and electronic products and improve relevant management systems. Promote the formulation and introduction of a comprehensive treatment plan for "white pollution"

▲ second, promote the risk assessment and risk control of chemical substances

focus on promoting the environmental risk assessment and control legislation of chemical substances. Strictly implement the environmental management registration of new chemical substances and revise the measures for environmental management of new chemical substances. Strengthen the capacity-building of environmental and health risk assessment of chemical substances, continue to carry out environmental and health risk assessment of key chemical substances, and promote the implementation of supporting control measures in the list of priority controlled chemicals (* batch)

▲ third, continue to strengthen the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution

strengthen the control of heavy metal emissions, formulate detailed rules for the assessment of key heavy metal emissions, and accelerate the implementation of heavy metal emission reduction projects. We will do a solid job in the screening of enterprises in key heavy metal related industries, compile and complete a full scope list of enterprises in heavy metal related industries and dynamically update it, and continue to promote the classification and rectification of heavy metal related industries. Promote the implementation of the "opinions on strengthening the prevention and control of pollution in heavy metal related industries and solving major capital problems of backbone coal enterprises"

▲ fourth, steadily promote the implementation of international environmental conventions

do a good job in the domestic implementation of international conventions such as persistent organic pollutants and mercury. Implement the implementation plan of the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants (supplementary version), issue and supervise the implementation of the announcement on the elimination of lindane and other persistent organic pollutants, and continue to carry out the national statistical survey of persistent organic pollutants. In accordance with the relevant requirements of the Minamata Convention on mercury, implement the goal of halving the amount of mercury used in the unit product of the production process of vinyl chloride monomer by calcium carbide method, carry out the inventory of mercury and mercury compounds and the investigation of closed chlor alkali facilities, and prepare and submit the * biennial * report. Implement the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal and its amendments, and strictly enforce the administration of export approval of hazardous wastes

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